Not every skin type can get used to hard water. Especially, if you have babies at your home, using hard water can be very severe on their soft skin. Using hard water can give rise to a lot of skin infections including rashes, frequent itches or redness. This is not only uncomfortable but can also cause fungal and bacterial infections in the long run. In fact, using soft water is known to extend the life of clothes and utensils as well. So, now you know soft water is not just beneficial for drinking purposes but also for so many other purposes as discussed above.
Therefore, the investment in a water softener is worth it, for sure!
What Size of Water Softener is Best for Home?
The size of water softener required can vary from house to house. Basically, it depends on two major factors:
• Hardness of water
• Water requirements of your family
The water softener chosen should be such that it doesn’t keep regenerating every other day. If it does so, the chances of resin beads getting damaged increase. Therefore, to prevent it, there is a need to choose the perfect size after taking into consideration the above-given factors.
To know the water requirements of your family per day, you have to multiply the number of members in your family with the gallons of water by each of them on one particular day. On an average, an adult person requires around 70-80 gallons of water each day.
After that, multiply the calculated figure with the number of hard grains present in your water. The number of hard grains present can be known from the Municipal Water body that looks after the supply of water in your area.
This calculation tells how many grains need to be removed per day as per the quantity of water used. Now, after following this calculation, you can easily choose the perfect size of water softener for your house. Generally, for a family of 4 persons, a 33000-grain unit water softener is recommended. If you have a larger family, you would require a bigger water softener and vice versa.
How does a Water Softener work
Water softeners work with the basic objective of removing any hard grains or harsh substances or ions like magnesium and calcium. This process called ion exchange is done following in a step-by-step manner within the water softener. Here are the steps:
• The untreated water gains entry into the mineral tank where it penetrates through a bed of plastic resin beads. These resin beads carry a negative charge of sodium ions upon them.
• The calcium and magnesium ions present in the hard water carry a positive charge. Thus, when the these positively charged ions meet the negatively charged sodium ions, they attract each other.
• The positively charged ions get attached to the negative ions of sodium present as resin beads. These resin beads hold the positively charged ions strongly.
• Therefore, as water passes, it loses the grip of hard water ions and gains the sodium ions. This removes the hardness of water and allows water free from all such undesired components to flow through your taps.
• As and when the mineral tank becomes overloaded with the detached magnesium and calcium ions, there is a need for it to get rid of all of them so that it can work with the same efficiency for a longer time.
• The ions that get attached to the water tank need to be removed. This is done through the process of Regeneration. In this process, first of all, water is allowed to run in from the bottom of the tank up till the drain. This is called backwash as the water flows in the opposite direction to expand the bed.
• 8-12℅ of the brine solution is added to the top of the bed which detaches the hard ions and replace them with sodium ions. This is followed by a slow and fast rinse respectively, to remove any extra brine solution or hard ions left.
This is the simple science used behind the functioning of Water Softeners.
Benefits of Water Softeners
1. Healthier Skin and Hair
If you ever feel that your skin or hair feels rough and dry, you cannot always blame your soap or shampoo. The kind of water you use also has a major impact on the same.
Hard water contains such minerals which can be very harsh upon the skin as well as for hair health. This can especially be a cause of concern for babies who have extremely sensitive skin. Using hard water can be very harmful to them as they are more prone to developing allergic reactions like rashes, itching and other skin problems. Soft water eliminates the chances of such infections and gives you and your family softer skin and healthier hair.
2. Softer Fabrics
Yes, using soft water also increases the life of your favourite clothes! Using hard water and soft water for washing purposes have a totally different impact on fabrics, especially in the case of sweaters and other woollen clothes.
It is observed that winter wear tends to lose their softness with greater use of hard water, and cotton clothes are more prone to losing their colour when washed with hard water. It is really disheartening to see your favourite clothes losing their shine much prior to when they should have. Using soft water can prevent this. It will never fail to give the same market-new look to all your favourite attires!
3. Saves Money
This one is for you if you are obsessed with hot-water baths. Using geysers seem a little too expensive, right? However, using soft water can help you save a bit there.
This is because the water softening process leads to the removal of calcium ions which do not conduct heat. Therefore, its removal helps in fastening up the process of heating up of water. This ultimately leads to the lowering of energy requirements leading to lesser bills. What can be better than saving on energy bills? And don’t forget that this way you can also contribute to environmental conservation!
4. Tastier Water
Yes, you read that right! Water can be tastier, too! Drinking contaminated water feels heavy to the body as it has a weird taste and smell which gives an overall bad experience. Not just this, hard water can also be harmful to the body which might lead to severe health problems including stomach ache or even fluorosis.
The taste of water without the presence of extra minerals gives a much more natural flavour to it which helps to quench your thirst in a better way. So, now that you know that water can be tastier, too, there should be no reason to refrain yourself from bringing a water softener to your home!
We have tried to provide every detail concerning Water Softeners in this article. It can be concluded that the benefits of softening water far exceed the input cost. It can, in fact, be thought of as an investment which will improve your health in the long run, and health is not something to be compromised upon! We hope this article helped answer all your queries!